Pdf lubricating properties of oilinwater emulsion with low oil. Automotive lubricants reference book sae international. Mnl59 astm international 100 barr harbor drive po box c700 west conshohocken, pa 194282959 printed in the u. Gives thorough information on science of lubrication technology. Hm properties complemented by a high viscosity index, for use of the fluid over a wide. Application area lithon grades meet the requirements of all industrial grease applications for plain and antifriction. These are superior multipurpose greases, developed to meet the varied requirements of bearing manufacturers.
Lubricant properties whenever an object moves against another object, friction will be present, turning kinetic energy into heat and causing equipment to wear. Southwestern petroleum europe southwestern petroleum canada member member products of spx. The temperatureviscosity response of liquid lubricants was also investigated to understand the. Mohammed chemical and petrochemical engineering department, university of anbar, iraq. Automotive lubricants reference book second edition list of chapters chapter 1introduction and fundamentals 1. The files will be publicly downloadable or emailed, and i do not want any user of any os windows, mac, linux. The result is a volume providing chemists and engineers with a clear.
Understanding surface and bulk properties of lubricants. Northern lubricants and services ltd filing history. Greases are prepared by saponification of fat such as tallow or fatty. Basics of lubrication are covered by organic chemistry to a major. Lubricants are a combination of the base oil and the additives and the specific combination depends on the properties of both. Oil properties and their impact on spill response options.
Lecturer, mohd hanif dewan senior engg lecturer international maritime. Introduction properties of crude oils and oil products vii during any oil spill incident, the properties of the spilled oil must be known immediately. This chapter outlines the main types of lubricants and covers some of the more important lubricant properties and tests, finishing with engine tests. The aim of this study is to make enhancements on the lubricant oil properties because of its importance in the.
Extreme pressure lubricants interact with metal surfaces in a chemical process, at molecular level, to create a protective compound which increases the thermal stability of metal surfaces. Turbine oils need good demulsibility while wheel bearing greases need emulsibility. Boundary lubrication and lubricants seiichro hironaka school of engineering, tokyo institute of technology 1. Lubrication solutions for industrial applications total raffinage. Lubricating oils reduce friction and wear between two movingsliding metallic surfaces by. Basics of lubricants lubrication free download as powerpoint presentation. It may also have the function of transmitting forces, transporting foreign particles, or heating or cooling the surfaces.
Lubricants can be broadly classified, on the basis of their physical state, as follows. We love letting people know whats happening at fuchs. Tribology is defined as the science and technology of interacting surfaces. The lubricating properties of ow emulsions with low oil concentration were investigated using the tribological testers and the thin film interferometry based on. Physical properties of lubricants valvolinecummins. Physical properties of lubricants valvoline technical services page 1 following are the important properties of a lubricant. Ky jelly personal lubricant, rcprep, file eze, file rite, endoprep gel, endosure prep creme 15%, preprite, glyde, slickgel es and alpha glide were selected and compared in their antimicrobial. Density density is fundamental physical property of oil. Using lubricants helps to reduce this friction, allowing more work to be done for the same amount of energy input, lowering the temperatures of the materials in contact, and greatly extending the lifespan of the moving equipment. Tig xp5 metalworking dedicated to the metalworking industries.
To save the metadata to an external file, click save and name the file. Elastohydrodynamic lubrication properties and friction behaviors of. Pdf properties of lubricants and lubrication hanif dewan. Oct, 2015 a lubricant is a substance introduced to reduce frictional force and heat generation between the surfaces in mutual contact, when the surfaces move. Introduction to properties and performance is a comprehensive reference for industry practitioners tribologists, lubricant technicians, and lubricant chemists, etc and is also an excellent source of information for graduate and undergraduate students. Well email you at these times to remind you to study. They are waterresistant and are corrosion inhibited.
Additives that inhibit the formation of foam from the churning of air in the component by. Meaning of lubrication friction is created when there is. A study of enhancement of the properties of lubricant oil ahmed n. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. They are much better than ordinary lubricants because they can work under extreme conditions. The subject matter contained in the presentation is written in a comprehensive, easy to understand language and lucid style. Act as a cooling fluid removing the heat produced by friction or from external sources. Typical lubricants often consist of 90% base oil usually petroleum fractions called mineral oils and 10% or fewer additives. A lubricant is a substance, usually organic, introduced to reduce friction between surfaces in mutual contact, which ultimately reduces the heat generated when the surfaces move. A study of enhancement of the properties of lubricant oil. The proper selection and application of lubricants will hopefully be made simpler if a little of the basic theory is understood. To subscribe to our enewsletter and receive regular updates, simply follow the link below and fill in your details. Lubricants and lubrication from the well to the applications. Prolonging equipment life beyond projection is the stuff heros are made of.
The liquid lubricant may be petroleum oil or even synthetic oil and it may contain any of the additives for specific requirements. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. Physical properties of lubricants request pdf researchgate. Chemical character of marine heavy fuel oils and lubricants. They are balanced formulations of a glycolwater base thickened with a water soluble. Considers applications of lubricants in hydraulics, gears and combustion engines. It should be low to allow the flow of lubricant at low temperature to the oil pump.
Longer equipment life insuring the projected life of equipment is important. High viscosity implies a high resistance to flow while a low viscosity indicates a low resistance to flow. Comparative chart for industrial lubricants iso vg nlgi gulf bp mobil total shell vorta 32 compressor oil 32 energol rcr 32 rarus 424 dacnis vs 32 corena h 32 compreo 32 46 compressor oil 46 energol rcr 46 rarus 425 dacnis vs 46 corena h 46 compreo 46 68 compressor oil 68 energol rcr 68 rarus 426 dacnis vs 68 corena h 68 compreo 68 100. Southwestern petroleum corporation fort worth, texas phone. Please note that any personal data captured during this enquiry is solely for the purpose of the enquiry, on the gdpr legal basis of legitimate interest, and that the data will not be shared or used for any other purpose including marketing. Properties of lubricants lubricant viscosity free 30day trial. Whenever products appear to have similar properties, we highlight the differences in. Ucon lubricant and contain additives to improve lubrication properties and. Keep surfaces separate under all loads, temperatures and speeds, thus minimizing friction and wear. Functionality of lubricants is defined by their chemical structure and their physical properties. Pdf tribological properties of the lubricant containing. Properties and performance of gasexpanded lubricants in tilting.
Choose file properties, click the description tab, and then click additional metadata. Request pdf physical properties of lubricants the fundamental physical properties of a lubricant that determine its lubrication and performance. George, i use windows 7 that purportedly allows the removal of any computerpersonal information from any type of file including the all important pdf files following the procedure that i described in my original posting. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. They are the lubricants that are prepared in laboratory. This paper reports a series of studies on the lubricant properties, elastohydrodynamic film thickness, and coefficients of friction of several. Introduction to properties and performance provides an easy to understand overview of tribology and lubricant chemistry. Viscosity is more commonly known as resistance to flow. Group 3 nishanth n nikhil ps harikrishnan k krishnadev u abdul basith pa 2. Introduction the term tribology has been used for 18 years to refer to the branch of engineering that deals with friction, wear, and lubrication. When one surface moves over another, there is always some resistance. Physical properties of oil viscosity the viscosity of an oil is a measure of the oils resistance to shear. The lubricant should not react with surfaces and any deposit in the cylinder.
The contact angle among all mql fluids ranged from 8. New fuels and lubricants properties, emissions, and engine. It is measured at specific temperature by hydrometer or automatic density meter. Oils that operate over a wide temperature range need vi improvers. Environment in water, soil without yielding harmful substances by action of micro organism and also act as lubricants. The comments above are excerpts from customer letters in our files. Solid lubricants, such as mos2, can be used in application where there are very extreme loading conditions that create temperatures too high for traditional sulphur phosphorus ep additives. Lubrication properties technology transfer services. Since the wettability is usually directly related to the surface tension c. The authors take into account the interdisciplinary character of the field, considering aspects of engineering, materials science, chemistry, health and safety. With each test description there is a note on any relevant additives or classification systems. Unfortunately, the properties routinely measured by oil producers and refiners are not the ones that onscene commanders need to know most urgently. In general, this work provides an indepth analysis of several key properties that govern the functionality of surface and bulk lubricants.
Lubricants must have the following main characteristics. Beyond reducing friction between moving surfaces, lubricants also serve to transport foreign particles and distribute heat. Synthetic liquids or vegetable oils are sometimes used as base oils as well. High performance lubricants provide a greater degree of protection which means longer time between routine parts replacement and rebuilds.
This completely revised second edition incorporates the latest data available and reflects the knowledge of one of the largest companies active in the business. Types of lubricants lm systems mainly use grease or sliding surface oil for their lubricants. Pdf to improve the oilsolubility of nanoparticles, a new technology was used to prepare a kind of lubricant containing titanium dioxide tio2. Changes with temperature, decreasing temperature increases viscosity.
Solid lubricants solid phase often placed in between bearing surfaces undergo more shear than. It is critical to understand both how oil properties change over time, and how the effectiveness of response options change as a function of oil properties. The lubricating oil should not burn inside the cylinder, otherwise it will leave heavy deposit and poisonous exhaust. Northern lubricants and services ltd free company information from companies house including registered office address, filing history, accounts, annual. Lubricants may contain polar additives known as friction modifiers that chemically bind to metal surfaces to reduce surface friction even when there is insufficient bulk lubricant present for hydrodynamic lubrication, e. An introduction to lubricants basic lubrication principles this article serves to be a practical guide to lubricants and lubrication. Lubricating grease is a semi solid, consisting of a soap dispersed throughout liquid lubricating oil. A lubricant is a substance introduced to reduce frictional force and heat generation between the surfaces in mutual contact, when the surfaces move. Fundamentals of lubricants and lubrication scientific spectator. The first part of the book is theoretical and provides an introduction to tribological contact, friction, wear and lubrication, as well as the basic concepts regarding properties and the most commonly made. Many special lubricant properties, such as high viscosity indices, very low. Lubricants wiley online books wiley online library.1313 1128 1511 1240 543 1486 758 902 1093 1579 350 650 305 219 363 1331 1058 1441 279 435 763 1254 276 1032 1061 640 536 478 1455 504 138 1024 1058 1100 682 1226 849 966 1487 505 1008 590 1374